Updated: March 22, 2013 | By Matthew Daly, The Associated Press, thecanadianpress.com

Obama to designate 5 national monuments

WASHINGTON - President Barack Obama is designating five new national monuments, using executive authority to protect historic or ecologically significant sites —including one in Delaware sought by Vice-President Joe Biden.


Obama to designate 5 national monuments

This undated photo shows the Rio Grande Gorge Bridge within the proposed El Rio Grande Del Norte National Conservation Area near Taos, N.M. The White House says President Obama will designate as national monuments Monday March 25, 2013, the Río Grande del Norte National Monument in New Mexico; First State National Monument in Delaware; Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument in Maryland; Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument in Ohio; and San Juan Islands National Monument in Washington state. (AP Photo/Albuquerque Journal, Greg Sorber)

WASHINGTON - President Barack Obama is designating five new national monuments, using executive authority to protect historic or ecologically significant sites —including one in Delaware sought by Vice-President Joe Biden.

The White House says Obama will make the designations Monday. They are Río Grande del Norte National Monument in New Mexico; First State National Monument in Delaware; Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument in Maryland; Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument in Ohio; and San Juan Islands National Monument in Washington state.

The Delaware site, commemorating the state's history and preserving about 1,100 acres (445 hectares) near Wilmington, is the first step toward creating a national park in Delaware, the only state not included in the national park system. The project is a longtime priority for Biden, a former senator from Delaware.

The largest site is Río Grande del Norte in New Mexico, where Obama will designate nearly 240,000 acres (97.000 hectares) for protection. The site includes wildlife habitat valued by hunters and anglers; rafting, camping, and other recreation; and is prized by the region's Hispanic and tribal groups.

Advocates say the new monument in New Mexico, to be run by the U.S Bureau of Land Management, will contribute an estimated $15 million a year in economic benefits to the area.

The San Juan Islands monument off Washington's northwest coast includes roughly 1,000 acres (400 hectares) of public land already managed by the BLM. Supporters say the designation will protect important cultural and historical areas and safeguard natural areas used for recreation and other purposes.

The Virginia-based Conservation Fund donated property on Maryland's Eastern Shore to the National Park Service to help tell the story of Tubman and the underground railroad. Tubman escaped slavery at age 27 but returned to Maryland's Dorchester and Caroline counties to help slaves escape to the North.

The Charles Young monument in Xenia, Ohio, recognizes and celebrates Col. Charles Young, a West Point graduate who was the first black national park superintendent. Young was the highest-ranking black officer in the U.S. Army until his death in 1922.

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